Tanzania is one of Africa’s most popular tourist destinations. This is because of the various tourist attraction sites the country has to offer. From beautiful parks for wildlife lovers, lakes for bird enthusiasts to mountain ranges for climbers and historical sites for culturists. Approximately 38 percent of Tanzania’s land area is set aside in protected areas conservation. There are 16 national parks, 29 game reserves, 40 controlled conservation areas (including the Ngorongoro Conservation Area) and marine parks. Tanzania is also home to Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest point in Africa and is home to a large variety of animal life. Among the large mammals include the Big five, cheetahs, wildebeest, giraffes, hippopotamuses and various antelopes.
Tanzania’s most well-known wildlife attractions are located in the northern part of the country and include the Serengeti National Park, Tarangire National Park and Lake Manyara National Park. The Serengeti National park encompasses the world famous great migrations of animals is the most popular park in the country and saw more than 330,000 visitors in 2012. Travel and tourism contributed 17.5 percent of Tanzania’s gross domestic product in 2016 and employed 11.0 percent of the country’s labor force (1,189,300 jobs) in 2013. The sector is growing rapidly, rising from US $1.74 billion in 2004 to US $4.48 billion in 2013. In 2016, 1,284,279 tourists arrived at Tanzania’s borders compared to 590,000 in 2005.
The north is also home to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area includes the Ngorongoro Crater, which is an extinct volcanic caldera with lions, hippopotamus, elephants, various types of antelope, the endangered black rhinoceros, and large herds of wildebeest and zebra. The Crater also holds the Olduvai Gorge, it is considered to be the seat of humanity after the discovery of the earliest known specimens of the human genus, Homo habilis as well as early hominidae.
The western part of Tanzania includes the Mahale, Katavi, and Gombe national parks, the latter of which is the site of Jane Goodall’s ongoing study, begun in 1960, of chimpanzee behavior. The country is also particularly rich in plant diversity; the Tanzania National Parks Authority has an entire national park the Kitulo National Park dedicated to flowers. There is a wide variety of biomass across the nation.
Besides the beautiful natural attractions in Tanzania, the country has rich historical and cultural sites that are worth visiting. Most of these sites house long history and traditions of the Tanzanians dating back to the 13th Century. Some of the most significant historical sites in Tanzania worth visiting during a safari in Tanzania include Olduvai Gorge, The House of Wonders, Kilwa Ruins, Stone Town, old Arab Fort and the National Museum and House of Culture among others.
Modern people of Tanzania are known for their welcoming mood and politeness. The same can be said to the indigenous ethnic groups, but their cultures are much more colorful. Take the Maasai people for example; they are semi-nomadic people who inhabit some of the most precious national parks in the country. They have been in co-existence with wildlife without disturbing the balance of the ecosystem. Barabaig people are also semi-nomadic, and they live near Mount Hanang. The experience in Tanzania is not only with the wildlife and scenic views of natural wonders, but also interaction with ethnic groups featuring their dances, local meals, lifestyles, and perspectives towards their world. National language of Tanzania is Swahili, but many people can speak English quite well.